The Caspian Sea and Southern Gas Corridor: A view from Russia

March 12, 2020

The Caspian Sea and Southern Gas Corridor: A view from Russia

More than one hundred thirty rivers move into the Caspian Sea, in accordance with Natural History Magazine, none of that are in the east. The major tributary is the Volga River in the north, which provides about eighty p.c of the inflowing water. The Ural River, also within the north, and the Kura River in the United States coin west, are also important tributaries. Salinity modifications from north to south, from to 13.5 parts per thousand (ppt), in accordance with Casp Info, a data-administration project about the Caspian Sea funded by the European Union.

Waking Season: 2011–2014


It covers roughly 371,000 square kilometers (143,200 sq. miles) and borders five countries. To the ancient Greeks and Persians, the lake’s immense measurement instructed it was an ocean, hence its title. The query of whether it’s a lake or a sea has political and economic ramifications, wrote Hanna Zimnitskaya in a 2011 Journal of Eurasian Studies article. If the Caspian Sea is a lake, then the United Nations and international legislation haven’t any control over its waters, she wrote. The Caspian Sea is next to the world’s largest lagoon, according to Lakepedia.

The environmental injury has led to serious well being issues for residents of the 5 countries around the Caspian Sea, who ingest pollutants via air, consuming water, food and swimming. According to the Pars Times, Caspian-area Kazakhstan sees 4 Price occasions the speed of blood illnesses, tuberculosis and intestinal infections than different elements of the nation. Rates of cancer around the Caspian Sea are also greater than average in all five international locations.

Astana’s most significant naval weaponry within the Caspian Sea is the Barrier-BK floor-to-floor missile system. And although Russia has just lately transferred some of its missile vessels from the Caspian Sea to the Sea of Azov, it’s planning the event of a brand new naval base within the Dagestani city of Kaspiysk.


The translucent plume swirling over the water contrasts with the nearby opaque white clouds. The plume may outcome partly from smoke from springtime agricultural fires in farmland north of the sea. Geological research indicates that the Caspian Sea was once part of a prehistoric sea often known Review as the Paratethys. Tectonic forces uplifting the land and a drop in sea degree left the Caspian landlocked more than 5 million years ago. Climate shifts have alternately raised and lowered the lake’s water ranges, sometimes practically drying it out fully.

Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan have divided the seabed within the north, but Iran, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan have disputed claims to petroleum deposits in the southern portion of the sea. The Caspian basin is seen as an essential supply of oil for world markets exterior the Middle East. Trade in and out of Central Asia had been diverted not to Russia however to Iran, with Chinese backing, he said. And some Central Asian energy exports have not gone to Russia, however as a substitute east to China due to difficulties exporting west over the Caspian Sea, he added.

According to the New World Encyclopedia, archaeologists estimate that people inhabited the realm round seventy five,000 years in the past. It is named after the Caspi Tribe, which settled on its southwestern shore. By the tenth btc lite century, small oil wells dotted the shores of the Caspian Sea, according to the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR).

Their leaders signed the Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea in the Kazakh metropolis of Aktau on Sunday. The Caspian is the biggest salt lake on the planet, but that has not all the time been true. Scientific studies have shown that till comparatively current geologic instances, approximately eleven million years ago, it was linked, by way of the Sea of Azov, the Black Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, to the world ocean. The Caspian is of exceptional scientific curiosity, because its history—significantly former fluctuations in each space and depth—provides clues to the advanced geologic and climatic evolution of the area.


The Obama administration merely doesn’t care to make these points a priority. It’s this final trick specifically that has been so embarrassing to PACE that it has led to a major confrontation with Europe’s most revered and deferred-to election monitor. TEAS additionally paid £6,000 a 12 months ($10,000) to Mark Field, a Conservative MP who happens to sit on the House of Commons committee that oversees Britain’s intelligence and security services. Field was additionally formerly the chairman of the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Azerbaijan, a body designed to “keep good relations between the legislatures and governments of the UK and Azerbaijan,” as its website states. In a subsequent interview with TEAS conducted from his Portcullis workplace, Field praised Azerbaijan as a “great buying and selling companion” with wholesome oil and gasoline reserves which are of great importance to British firms similar to BP.

The launch date was later confirmed to be September 21, 2012, offered through Triple Crown Records. A week before the album’s U.S. launch posted a full stream of the album and known as it “The Post Rock Album of the Year”. In a band blog update in early January 2011[quotation needed] the band mentioned that the majority of their time over the subsequent 12 months could be spent writing and recording their 3rd full-length album.

  • The band headed to Europe for a quick tour that included a performance at DunkFest in Zottegem.
  • It covers roughly 371,000 square kilometers (143,200 square miles) and borders 5 nations.
  • Tectonic forces uplifting the land and a drop in sea level left the Caspian landlocked more than 5 million years in the past.
  • The two-date “Asian Tour” was July sixteen at the Hidden Agenda Live House and the second was on July 17 in Guangzhou, as a part of the Qiangyuan Music Festival.
  • Over the course of 2006, the band developed material for a debut album, recording with Ethan Dussault once more in August 2006 in Cambridge, Massachusetts at the newly renovated New Alliance Audio.
  • Turkmenistan’s plans to strengthen its naval forces have resulted in some procurements, resulting in a moderate enchancment in its naval presence in the Caspian Sea.

On the November 1, 2016 stop of the tour the band was recorded performing reside on the Teragram Ballroom in Los Angeles to be later featured on Last Call with Carson Daly. The section aired on November 15 within the U.S. and it featured “Sad Heart of Mine” as well as a shortened model of “Arcs of Command” in the latter part of this system. Recorded at the same venue the second airing of the present had an abridged performance of “Castles High, Marble Bright”. The band started ZCash work on their fourth LP in March and April, and began hosting “listening parties” where paying followers were given iPods loaded with tracks from the album and invited to pay attention and focus on the report. On June 26, Noisey premiered the primary single, “Sad Heart of Mine”, off the upcoming record, titled Dust & Disquiet.


The diplomatic technique greased American oil firm deals within the Caspian Basin. Furthermore, until there is an agreement, the likelihood for armed battle in the region remains real.

You run your portfolio, Caspian will handle the technology

Russia was reluctant to allow Turkmenistan to pursue its proposed 300km gas pipeline to Azerbaijan, which might open up its big, low cost, gas reserves to a European market at current dominated by Gazprom. The Kremlin opposed splitting the sea alongside national traces, which would have confined its Caspian Flotilla, an Astrakhan-based component of the Southern Military District, to the northwest corner. The Caspian has served as an essential theatre of operation for the Russian Navy, specifically Nano Coin in 2015, when it launched Kalibr NK (SS-N-30A) missilesto strike targets in Syria. However, on 12 August 2018, in the course of the fifth Caspian Summit, within the Kazakh metropolis of Aktau, regional leaders agreed on the ‘special legal standing’ of the ocean, which means all signatories are equally free to sail the ocean’s waters. Although requiring ratification, the deal prevents the military deployment in the sea of any vessel not belonging to a signatory party.

Unlike the Persian Gulf, the Caspian Sea is not a major navy concern for Iran, although up to now its navy has actively deterred its regional neighbours from reaching oilfields in the southern part of the ocean. Iran’s most important naval functionality within the Caspian is at present encapsulated in C-802 (Noor) (CH-SS-N-8 Saccade) anti-ship missiles. However, Tehran lost its most critical piece of regional tools in January when the frigate Damavand hit a breakwater because it entered its Caspian Sea residence port, Bandar-e Anzali, during a storm. Measured by surface area, the Caspian Sea is the world’s largest inland water physique.

A lake or a sea?

Nearby petroglyphs suggest that dolphins and porpoises might have once lived in the Caspian Sea, based on the Smithsonian Institution. It is considered an impartial zoogeographical area due to its distinctive qualities, based on the World Wildlife Fund. The eggs of beluga sturgeons, the most important freshwater fish, are the supply of beluga caviar. Starting within the Clinton administration, the United States has pushed for vitality, transport and trade throughout the ocean and thru Azerbaijan and Georgia, a route known as the Southern Corridor.

Caspian Sea: Largest Inland Body of Water


Europe desperately needs new options to Russian fuel upon which it is heavily dependent. Turkmenistan, home to one of the world’s largest natural gasoline reserves, needs main export companions apart from Russia and China. This settlement might work for now since many of the oil and gas is near the shoreline. But as new expertise turns into affordable and available, new fields shall be exploited additional away from the shore.

Who owns the Caspian?

Moscow additionally remains the one naval power within the region to field anti-ship, floor-to-air and land-attack cruise missiles within the Caspian Sea. The rising sea levels have brought on flooding, and because the water washes over shoreline oil wells, it carries oil and other pollution inland. Scientists estimate that the on- and off-shore drilling operations in the Caspian area emit 15 to twenty million tons of CO2-equal each year, according to GRID-Arendal. Oil spills, waste from onshore industrial and municipal sites and chemical compounds, untreated sewage and trash carried in from rivers are main causes of land and water air pollution.


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